What is it?

By Bob Brennecke

Osage orange, also called hedge apple, bow-wood, French Bois d’Arc, naranjo chino, or horse apple, and monkey brain are a few of its names. 

This fruit, when cut open, has many small seeds surrounded by a sticky, milky sap-like liquid that can produce dermatitis in humans.

The Osage orange is often trained as a hedge row along a boundary; it forms an effective spiny barrier. The tree also serves as a windbreak. 

Its hard yellow-orange wood, formerly used for bows and war clubs by the Osage and other Native American tribes, is sometimes used for railway ties and fence posts. 

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